11.01.2022

CMS Issues Final Rule For Home Health

CMS issues final rule for home health

In a move many home health providers are viewing as more treat than a trick, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued the final rule for 2023 on Halloween, backing off its previous intention to saddle agencies with a significant rate cut next year.

The rule increases aggregate home health payments for 2023 by 0.7 percent, or an estimated $125 million, over this year’s reimbursement amounts.

The increase is largely the result of cutting in half a behavioral adjustment originally set out under the proposed rule last summer. The proposed behavioral adjustment prompted a backlash from industry stakeholders and advocates, including some proposed legislation to freeze Medicare cuts.

"CMS is moving forward with the behavioral adjustment, despite widespread industry criticism, but it will bring some relief by using a phased-in approach that will bring about an estimated 3.9 percent decrease in 2023,” said SimiTree CEO William J. Simione.

A look at the methodology

In this summer’s proposed rule, the behavioral adjustment was introduced as a decrease of 7.69 percent. The final rule slightly tweaks that amount, updating the total at a 7.85 percent decrease.

Half of that, or a 3.925 percent decrease, will be phased in for 2023.

When factoring in LUPAs, the actual decrease will be about 3.5 percent.

The estimated overall 0.7 percent increase is the result of adding together a 4.0 percent rate update percentage (up from 2.9 percent in the proposed rule) and a 0.2 percent increase reflecting the fixed dollar ratio (FDL) used to determine outlier payments, then subtracting the behavioral adjustment from that amount.

The reality of 0.7 percent

SimiTree’s financial consultants say the 0.7 increase brings a welcome measure of relief to an industry which was anticipating a 4.2 percent rate cut based on the proposed rule. 

“But the reality is that the 0.7 percent increase is still squaring off against an inflationary rate running about 8 percent, with escalating labor and supply costs,” said Nick Seabrook, SimiTree Managing Principal Nick Seabrook, SVP of Consulting. “The base rate is a win compared to what was proposed in July, but agencies are still facing an uphill battle when comparing the overall payment increase to cost increases in addition to trying to manage staffing shortages.”

SimiTree consultants will share more insight and analysis over the next few weeks, offering guidance for agencies on how to deal with rising costs and tightening margins.

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PDGM changes for 2023

In addition to updating the Prospective Payment System Rate for 2023, the final rule recalibrates case mix weights under the Patient-Driven Groupings Model (PDGM) and sets new thresholds for Low Utilization Payment Adjustments (LUPAs).

Certain diagnosis codes used for classification under PDGM were reassigned, and changes were made to functional impairment levels, comorbidity adjustment subgroups, and the FDL used for outlier payment adjustments under PDGM methodology.

The final rule also permanently establishes a 5 percent cap on negative wage index changes for home health, regardless of the underlying reason for the decrease.

Other important highlights of the final rule include the finalization of 2022 as the baseline year for the impending nationwide expansion of Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) model, and the implementation of OASIS data collection for all patients CY 2025.

Read the final rule here

Webinar planned for Thursday, Nov. 3rd, 2022

Join SimiTree Managing Principal Nick Seabrook and Financial Consulting Director John Rabbia for a complimentary webinar at 12:00 p.m.  EST Thursday, Nov. 3. They will discuss the final rule and its expected financial impact on home health agencies.

Register here. 

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